Most Common Diseases in Dogs and Their Symptoms
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In general, knowing the most common diseases in dogs helps us to know how to take better care of our pets and to quickly detect any symptom of discomfort. Let’s not forget that early detection greatly improves the prospects of almost any treatment.
Do not forget that prevention is the best way to prevent your dog from suffering any disease. Find out what the vaccination schedule for dogs is like and follow it strictly to prevent any health problems. It should be done and our dog will be a little bit safe then the unvaccinated dog.
So in this article, we will make a general review for all these diseases pointing out the particular details of each one to help you identify them. We will also talk about parasites (fleas, ticks, and mosquitoes) or common ailments such as diarrhea.
Most Common Diseases in Dog
As we mentioned earlier we are going to provide you all the diseases which dog usually get and the symptoms of these diseases to find out quickly which disease has attacked. Now let’s check them in detail.
These parasitic diseases are the most commonly seen in dogs. There are two types of parasitic diseases they are as follows:
- External Parasites
- Internal Parasites
Now each parasite has some more different types of problems in dogs. You will get a clear picture after seeing the below paragraph.
External Parasites are one of the most common diseases in dogs. You can check all the common external parasites in dogs.
Fleas in Dogs
Fleas are very small parasites and a very common problem in dogs. They are easily transmitted and reproduced with amazing ease. Check the article on how to eliminate fleas from your dog.
Stable Fly in Dogs
These parasites are common in rural environments and feed on the blood of animals. Which usually also cause them severe anemia if not treated properly.
Ticks in Dogs
There are many different tick species and some are truly dangerous and can cause a paralyzing effect on the dog. They should never stretch since we could leave traces of the animal in the dermis of the dog. Check this article to remove ticks in dogs.
Leishmaniasis in Dogs
These are parasites that multiply in the white cells of the dog and it is caused by the bite of a mosquito. The most common symptoms of Leishmania are thinning of the dog, fever, anemia, arthritis … There is no treatment whatsoever to cure leishmaniasis but with a rapid detection can improve the quality of life of the dog.
Scabies Mites in Dogs
It is a disease of the skin caused by mites. There are two different types of mange, sarcoptic and demodectic. It is a parasitic disease that is very easily transmitted but has treatment. In some very serious cases, you can leave marks for the rest of the dog’s life.
Toxoplasmosis in Dogs
It is an intracellular parasite. In general, we can speak of a slight risk since the treatment is very simple. However, we must worry when it affects pregnant bitches. It can be identified by neuromuscular, respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms. The majority of cases appear in dogs under 1 year old.
We have seen the External Parasites in the above content. Now we will see the about internal parasites in detail.
Tapeworms in Dogs
These are flatworms that lodge in the intestine of the dog, feeding on the own food that the animal ingests. The animals usually get contagious when they come into contact with contaminated feces, raw or undercooked meats. It is difficult to detect.
Worms in Dogs
There are many tips of worms that can affect our dog and most are evident in their feces. We can see their presence easily.
To avoid any kind of parasite in our dog it is very important to keep strict control of the deworming of the dog. We will administer a pipette or an anti-parasite necklace on a monthly basis and every three months a pill for the prevention of internal parasites. Simply by following these guidelines, we will protect our dog from most parasitic diseases.
Viral Diseases in Dogs
There are diseases that are caused by different viruses such as:
Coronavirus in Dogs
It is a viral and infectious disease that affects all types of dogs but especially puppies not yet vaccinated. It can be detected at the moment we see that the dog has abundant diarrhea, vomiting and we even observe weight loss. There is no vaccine for the canine coronavirus, it will be the veterinarian who counteracts the symptoms that cause the disease.
Hepatitis in Dogs
It mainly affects the liver and can have different causes, among them this is the viral one. The main treatment is based on alleviating the symptoms and if it is not cured it can become chronic, causing liver failure.
Distemper in Dogs
Distemper is a very contagious disease that mainly affects unvaccinated or elderly young dogs. There is no treatment whatsoever, so the veterinarian will perform a series of cares on the infected dog to counteract the effects of distemper. Basically identified by nasal discharge in addition to other symptoms such as fever or dehydration. Vaccination is the best way to prevent this disease.
Parvovirus in Dogs
It is rare that it affects adult vaccinated dogs. This deadly virus appears especially in puppies and lasts 10 days in which, if the dog does not receive the correct treatment, it has a fatal outcome. Like almost all viral diseases, it does not have a specific antidote but is based on trying to pacify the patient’s symptoms. The symptoms are depression, fever, and dehydration.
Rabies in Dogs
Known and feared, rabies is a tremendously lethal disease. It is transmitted through bites, direct contact with mucous membranes or saliva. It is identified by extreme violence without any provocation. There is an anti-rabies that must be administered when they are puppies because once infected, the dog is considered condemned to death. There is no vaccine for this.
Hereditary Diseases in Dogs
Are those that develop due to the dog’s own genetic inheritance:
Hip Dysplasia in Dogs
It develops over time, from 4 or 5 months of age although it usually appears in older dogs. It affects large or giant dogs generating lameness or difficulty of movement. Although it is a hereditary and degenerative problem factor that may aggravate it such as rapid growth, over-feeding or intense physical exercise intervene.
Artosis in Dogs
Osteoarthritis is another hereditary disease that involves wear of the dog’s joint. This causes difficulty in their movements and pain that must be treated by anti-inflammatories prescribed by the veterinarian.
Rheumatism in Dogs
It affects the joints and the cartilage of these, it is a degenerative disease. The symptoms are stiffness, inflammation, and pain. The veterinarian can prescribe glucosamine condition and other treatments that will relieve and improve your dog condition.
Glaucoma in Dogs
This is an excessive accumulation of fluid in the dog’s eye. It can occur spontaneously since it is a hereditary disease but it also develops in dogs that have suffered an excess pressure in the neck (usually associated with the collar of the animal).
Common Neurological Diseases in Dogs
They are less frequent, although we should not forget that there are mental illnesses :
Epilepsy in Dogs
Epilepsy in dogs is an electrochemical discharge of the brain that can appear at any time. The crises are repeated virtually throughout the life of the dog that suffers. Episodes can be controlled by express veterinary medication.
Senile Dementia in Dogs
As with people, dogs are also susceptible to mental degenerative problems such as senile dementia in dogs. It has no treatment but with the right advice, we can continue to enjoy a happy and loving dog by our side.
Meningitis in Dogs
Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, the membranes that line the brain. It is a rare problem but it must be treated urgently as it can have deadly consequences for the dog. The most common symptoms are the loss of coordination of the dog and high fever.
Acral Dermatitis by Lick in Dogs
This disease is related to the stress and anxiety of the animal that compulsively licks an area, producing serious injuries in the dermis. Acral dermatitis is easy to treat if we comply with the animal welfare of the dog and avoid access to the area with a collar.
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Bacterial Diseases in Dogs
Caused by bacteria, these types of diseases can be treated with the use of antibiotics
Canine Leptospirosis in Dogs
It is transmitted through the urine and both dogs and rats can be carriers, storing the bacteria chronically without developing the disease. If it is not treated in time it can cause death. Some of the symptoms are fever, diarrhea, and vomiting with blood and dark urine.
Periodontitis in Dogs
It affects the periodontium (gum, tissue, bone, and ligament) and is derived from the accumulation of tartar and plaque, which makes possible the proliferation of bacteria. These, invade little by little the sack, the cavity where the root of the tooth is and end up causing serious infections or loss of teeth. The best way to avoid this disease is by prevention.
Pyometra in Dogs
It is an infection by bacteria that is characterized by the appearance of pus inside the uterine cavity or womb. The symptoms of the pyometra are secretions of pus through the vagina. Formerly the treatment was only surgical and the ovaries or the womb of the bitch were removed. Today we have medications that make it possible to study them before the removal.
Cystitis in Dogs
It is a disease caused by bacteria that affect the urinary system of the dog inflaming his bladder. Cystitis must be treated promptly to prevent it from becoming chronic.
Other Common Diseases in Dogs
In addition to those mentioned above, there are other diseases such as follows
Cancer in Dogs
It can affect all types of dogs, although it is usual to occur in elderly specimens. The most common is to detect the presence of tumors on the skin of the dog but can also develop internally. It is very important to go to the veterinarian for the analysis of the package. Check the complete details of Cancer in Dogs and diet for cancer dogs.
Gastric Torsion in Dogs
Gastric torsion usually occurs when the dog eats and drinks in excess, performs exercise after eating or has a history of gastric volvulus. It is very important to treat yourself urgently to save the life of the animal.
Skin Allergies in Dogs
Like people, dogs can also suffer from skin diseases such as allergy. We must be careful and go to the veterinarian if we see that our dog suffers.
Diabetes in Dogs
The list of foods prohibited for the dog includes sugar, not only because it promotes the appearance of blindness but also because it causes diabetes. Consult your veterinarian for the treatment your dog needs if you observe extreme thirst, thinning, cataracts, increased appetite and urinating frequently. Know more about Diabetes in Dogs and Best diet for diabetes dogs.
Cryptorchidism in Dogs
It consists of the incomplete descent of one or two testicles. It must be diagnosed as soon as possible and requires surgical intervention. In some cases it is hereditary.
Otitis in Dogs
This is inflammation of the inner, middle or outer ear. It can appear due to allergies, bacteria, parasites or foreign bodies. Your veterinarian will investigate the itching, redness or infection that your dog may have, cleaning it carefully and offering you a treatment according to the reason for which it occurred.
Diarrhea in Dogs
This is a very common problem, especially when we change our dog’s food or offer him human food. Discover home remedies for diarrhea in dogs.
Cold in Dogs
Like people, dogs are susceptible to colds when subjected to low temperatures. The cold in dogs is very easy to treat but if the symptoms persist it is important to go to the veterinarian.
Finally, you have got all the list of common diseases in dogs. So now it’s your time to check the changes in dogs and take care of her accordingly. However, we are planning to create a separate article for and each and every disease which dog has.
We do not have the power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any type of diagnosis. So, we recommend you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or discomfort. Hence, We are here to just help with what disease your dog is suffering with and what to do in that time.
Hence, you have got all the most common diseases in dogs. We have separated all the diseases accordingly and you can learn about them in just a single visit. We hope you like this article. Try to share the article with your friends and families at social media networks. Hence, Feel free to ask your questions in the comment box. Stay tuned to Dogsfud for more articles on dogs.