Vaccination Schedule for Puppies under, Above 2 months and Adult Dogs
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Dog Vaccination Schedule: Do you need to vaccinate a new puppy and you are not sure exactly what you need? Next, we show you the calendar of vaccines for dogs and vaccines for puppies. You can learn what vaccines are given to a dog and when reinforcements are given, what diseases each vaccine protects and when you must deworm your dog in preparation for vaccinations.
Before you should know, as in many other issues related to our pets, there is a total consensus on what vaccines should be administered to dogs. The subject of vaccines is very controversial and conclusive studies are still needed to settle some issues that are still being considered today.
So in this article, We are going to provide you the proper and the best Vaccination Schedule for Puppies and dogs. Check this article and know a lot about this vaccination spots in dogs and puppies perfectly. Continue reading…
What are canine vaccines?
The vaccines for dogs are the preventive treatment of diseases, consisting of inoculating attenuated or inactivated virus in the body of the dog. So that it produces antibodies defense against the virus. Thus, a certain immune memory is generated in the body against certain diseases.
Dogs lead different lives, some go out into the street only in the city, others live in the countryside in contact with other unvaccinated dogs, others go to exhibitions or travel to other countries. In addition, in each geographic area, there are diseases that can be contracted more frequently (For example, rabies is practically eradicated from western Europe, but it is present in most of the globe). For these reasons, each case should be studied by your trusted veterinarian, who can advise you the best protection for your pet.
We have decided to show you the vaccines on which there is more international consensus, and in general, all dogs should receive them. However, be aware that you must also comply with the legislation of the place where you reside in the field of animal vaccines. Attentive, there are the most important vaccines !:
Vaccines for Basic & Compulsory Dogs
Among the many that exist in the market, these are the basic vaccines on which most veterinarians agree:
Vaccination plan for dogs and puppies
The vaccines vary according to the age of the dog. A vaccination plan for dogs and puppies is as follows:
- For puppies of 5 weeks first dose of Puppy DP vaccine against parvo and distemper
- Between 9 and 12 weeks, the polyvalent vaccine against parvo, distemper, parainfluenza, hepatitis, and leptospirosis is placed.
- After 4 weeks the second dose of polyvalent reinforcement should be placed to ensure that the puppy has correctly developed its immunity.
- When the puppy has between 3 and 6 months we can vaccinate against rabies.
Vaccines for Puppies Under Two Months of Age
The first vaccine that can be placed on a puppy is called “Puppy DP”, which protects against parvo and distemper. It is about five weeks of life. Normally days before the first vaccine, you will have to give your puppy an internal deworming.
However, consult your veterinarian because this vaccine is not always given. It is not advisable to put it in puppies that are still nursing. In fact, there are veterinarians who do not recommend at all to put this vaccine, except in cases of very specific risk. In many cases, it is expected that the puppy has completed two months to put the first dose of polyvalent vaccine, which we explain in the next point.
Vaccines for Dogs and Puppies Older Than Two Months
The dog vaccination schedule begins with a multipurpose vaccine dose when the puppy is between 9 and 12 weeks old. The polyvalent vaccine protects against parvovirus, distemper, parainfluenza, hepatitis, and leptospirosis.
After 4 weeks from the first vaccine, reinforcement should be placed, which is a second dose reminder to promote the dog’s immunity against these diseases.
The rabies vaccine is given when the dog is between 3 and 6 months old. This is a mandatory vaccine by law in most countries, since rabies disease can be transmitted to humans.
Vaccines for Adult Dogs
What vaccines should I give to an adult dog? From one year of life, a dose of polyvalent vaccine against parvovirus, distemper, parainfluenza, hepatitis, and leptospirosis is repeated. Likewise, the rabies vaccine is repeated.
And from here you can get polyvalent every 3 years (or as required by the legal norm of your country), and rage as required by law in each country.
Is it Necessary to Revaccinate Dogs Annually?
On this subject, there is controversy, but you should know that the positions are changing. The traditional vision was to annually revaccinate the dog with a dose of polyvalent vaccine, but in more recent studies it is being verified that the immune memory of many vaccines is greater than previously. Though, in many cases, antibodies are found in the dog three years later of the vaccine and even more.
For example, in the renowned “American Animal Hospital Association ” as well as many leading American veterinary schools on these subjects. It is already recommended to vaccinate adult dogs of polyvalent every 3 years. The reason is that if antibodies already exist in the dog before a disease, by administering the vaccine again, no new antibodies will be created and instead the immune system can decompensate of the animal.
But to be honest, you do not know exactly 100% the period of immunity offered by each vaccine. In the subject of vaccines there is still a great lack of knowledge and whoever gives exact and categorical figures surely does not have them all with them. In any case, talk to your veterinarian, inform yourself as much as you can and make the decision that you think is best for your animals. Always respecting the current legislation in your country.
Obviously, the vaccines that are obligatory annually by law, as is usually rabies. We must respect the revaccination deadlines set by law.
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The Polyvalent Vaccine for Dogs
The canine polyvalent vaccine protects against the following diseases:
It is a highly contagious viral disease that affects the intestine and red blood cells. You can finish the dog in a few days. Vomiting, severe diarrhea, and dehydration are among the symptoms of parvovirus.
Multisystem disease (affects lungs, intestine, and brain) caused by a virus similar to that of human measles, with initial symptoms of fever, nasal and ocular secretion, and fatigue among others. It is deadly in most cases, very contagious. You can read more about distemper in dogs.
Parainfluenza ( cough of the kennels)
Respiratory disease in which the first part of the trachea is inflamed. There is a dry cough and white phlegm can occur. It is a benign (not fatal) disease similar to a human catarrh.
This viral disease that affects the liver.
Leptospirosis in Dogs:
Disease with varied symptoms including vomiting, diarrhea, and mouth ulcers. It affects the dog and the human and affects more to hunting dogs and those who live outside.
Rabies Vaccine in Dogs
Rabies is a viral disease that affects the central nervous system and is lethal in almost 100% of cases. The legislation on rabies makes it, in many countries, a mandatory vaccine by law. The reason it is mandatory is that rabies can be transmitted to humans (by bites).
General advice on vaccines in dogs:
Do not vaccinate suckling puppies
As general advice, say that when puppies still suck. It is better not to vaccinate them because the vaccine could interfere with maternal antibodies and have no effectiveness. That is to say when vaccinating we inoculate weakened viruses, and the puppy already has antibodies that arrive at him through the milk of the mother.
These maternal antibodies would “kill” the vaccine, without letting the puppy create new defense antibodies against the disease. (Anyway, this is general advice, your veterinarian can guide you if in your specific case for a specific reason it is better to vaccinate your puppy even if it is still sucking).
Once you have brought the new puppy home, do not put him in contact with other dogs until you have vaccinated him. (If you take it to the street, better do it in arms). He is at a very vulnerable age and could be a victim of deadly contagious diseases such as parvo.
Deadlines for reinforcement of vaccines
It is also very important to respect the deadlines for reinforcements of vaccines, especially during the first year. For example, If we only put the first polyvalent vaccine and we let some months pass without vaccinating the reinforcement. The first vaccine will be useless and it will be money spent at the vet in vain. The effect is as if we had not vaccinated it.
Take into account the legal requirements
In each country, there are regulations on mandatory vaccines, which you must respect. Also keep in mind that if you plan to travel by plane with your dog, it will be necessary to have all the vaccinations in order and you can prove it in your passport.
Other Vaccines for Dogs that Exist in the Market:
Other vaccines are available on the market, which may be useful for your dog depending on your specific health status and the type of life you lead.
An example is a vaccine against Bordetella. It is a disease of the respiratory system caused by a bacterial infection. It causes infectious bronchitis and in general, is not fatal. Although it may be indicated in some circumstances. You should know that this is a controversial vaccine that not all veterinarians recommend due to the negative side effects that can have on the health of the dog. Especially in its injected version. Bordetella revaccination should be given every 6 months or every year.
Cases similar to this there is more, and for example, there is a new leishmaniasis vaccine that is also controversial, because although some owners have done very well with it and others not so much. Especially in small children have been reported many Adverse effects. You can read more about leishmaniasis.
In short, consult your veterinarian for your specific case, research on your own and remember that you have the last word regarding mandatory vaccinations applied not by law.
Hence, You have learned the complete Vaccination Schedule for Puppies under 2 months, above 2 months and for adult dogs. Did you find this post useful? If so, share it on your social networks so that more people know this information. You can ask us your doubts or experiences about vaccines for dogs in the comments, and we will try to solve them. Stay tuned to dogsfud for more awesome articles.